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Susan Ahern, Mark Daniels, and Amrit Bhangoo

treated CPHD, which is now rarely seen in the United States. Documentation of novel mutations from different regions of the world and descriptions of associated phenotypes will assist clinicians with management, prognosis and counseling and adds to global

Open access

Ayesha Ghayur, Qurrat Elahi, Chinmay Patel, and Rishi Raj

thyroxine . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 1997 82 870 – 875 . ( ) 4 Aoki Y Belin RM Clickner R Jeffries R Phillips L & Mahaffey KR Serum TSH and total T4 in the United States

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Roberto Salvatori, Adrian F Daly, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Albert Thiry, and Albert Beckers

s.d . above the current mean height for United States (US) males, he was markedly taller than his midparental stature. As he appeared fully androgenized, we suspect that hypogonadism had appeared recently, and that his epiphyses closed before his

Open access

Jordan Yardain Amar, Kimberly Borden, Elizabeth Watson, and Talin Arslanian

deficiency . Hormone Research 42 189 – 197 . ( doi:10.1159/000184192 ) 12 Quigley C Zagar A Liu C Brown D Huseman C Levitsky L Repaske DR Tsalikian E Chipman JJ 2013 United States multicenter study of factors

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Kewan Hamid, Neha Dayalani, Muhammad Jabbar, and Elna Saah

hypothyroidism has a prevalence of between 0.3% and 3.7% in the United States ( 7 ). Female: male ratio is 6:1 ( 4 , 8 ). It is a pathological condition of thyroid hormone deficiency, which if not treated, can lead to serious adverse events and is potentially

Open access

Varalaxmi Bhavani Nannaka and Dmitry Lvovsky

.7326/0003-4819-125-9-199611010-00009 ) 2 James AH Jamison MG Biswas MS Brancazio LR Swamy GK Myers ER 2006 Acute myocardial infarction in pregnancy: a United States population-based study. Circulation 113 1564 – 1571 . ( doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105

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Skand Shekhar, Rasha Haykal, Crystal Kamilaris, Constantine A Stratakis, and Fady Hannah-Shmouni

.4–5.1 mmol/L). She moved to the United States 11 months prior to her NIH visit and at the time adjustments were made to her anti-hypertensive therapy but secondary causes of hypertension were not evaluated. About 7 months later, she was found to have

Open access

Wei Yang, David Pham, Aren T Vierra, Sarah Azam, Dorina Gui, and John C Yoon

’: epidemiology of and prognostic factors for neuroendocrine tumors in 35,825 cases in the United States . Journal of Clinical Oncology 2008 26 . ( ) 5 Wagner J Langlois F Lim DST McCartney S Fleseriu M

Open access

Baris Akinci, Rasimcan Meral, Diana Rus, Rita Hench, Adam H Neidert, Frank DiPaola, Maria Westerhoff, Simeon I Taylor, and Elif A Oral

generalized lipodystrophy in the United States. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has approved metreleptin for generalized lipodystrophy and also for selected patients with partial lipodystrophy. An important complication of metreleptin therapy is the

Open access

Kara Alex-Ann Beliard, Srinidhi Shyamkumar, Preneet Cheema Brar, and Robert Rapaport


We describe a case of an infant who presented with clinical features of hyperthyroidism. The child was found to be tachycardic, hypertensive and diaphoretic, she was noted to have poor weight gain and difficulty in sleeping. The child was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit for care. She was found to have biochemical evidence of hyperthyroidism with positive thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin. She responded well to methimazole and propranolol and had a remarkable recovery. She is the youngest patient to be diagnosed with Graves disease in the English literature, at 12 months of life.

Learning points

  • Hyperthyroidism must always be considered even at very young age, for patient presenting with poor weight gain and hyperdynamic state.
  • Autoimmune diseases are becoming more common in infancy.
  • Craniosynostosis and increased height for age are well-documented consequences of untreated hyperthyroidism in developing children.